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Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa" y derivadas oficiales listas para la descarga.

Con la precision habitual a que nos tiene acostumbrados Canonical Ubuntu 20.04 ha sido publicada puntualmente.

La primera en ver la luz fue Lubuntu.

A ella siguieron pocos minutos más tarde Ubuntu y Ubuntu Studio.

El detalle completas, las descargas y las notas de publicación a través de Distrowatch:

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The Lubuntu team has announced the availability of Lubuntu 20.04, a long-term support (LTS) release. This release used the LXQt desktop (most previous releases used LXDE as the default desktop) and uses the Calamares system installer instead of the Ubiquity installer used by most other official Ubuntu editions. "This is the fourth Lubuntu release with LXQt as the main desktop environment. The Lubuntu project, in 18.10 and successive releases, will no longer support the LXDE desktop environment or tools in the Ubuntu archive, and will instead focus on the LXQt desktop environment. You can find the following major applications and toolkits installed by default in this release: LXQt 0.14.1. Qt 5.12.8 LTS. Mozilla Firefox 75, which will receive updates from the Ubuntu Security Team throughout the support cycle of the release. The LibreOffice 6.4.2 suite. VLC, for viewing media and listening to music. Featherpad 0.12.1, for notes and code editing. Discover Software Center 5.18.4, for an easy, graphical way to install and update software. The powerful and fast email client Trojita 0.7 to get you to inbox zero in no time." Further details can be found in the project's release announcement. Download: lubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,668MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Iain Lane has announced the release of Ubuntu 20.04, a new long-term support (LTS) version of the popular distribution. "The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 5.4 based Linux kernel, with additional support for Wireguard VPN, AUFS5, and improved support for IBM, Intel, Raspberry Pi and AMD hardware. Ubuntu Desktop 20.04 LTS features the latest version of the GNOME desktop environment, 3.36. Notable changes from 18.04 LTS include performance improvements, a new lock screen design, and support for fractional scaling under X11. 20.04 LTS also features a new look-and-feel: the Yaru theme, available in both light and dark variants. 20.04 LTS also brings support for installing an Ubuntu desktop system on top of ZFS. The latest version brings performance enhancements and optional encryption support. Zsys, Ubuntu’s ZFS system tool, provides automated system and user state saving. Tight integration with GRUB allows a user to revert to any system state on boot and go back in time to pave the way to a bulletproof Ubuntu Desktop." Further details can be found in the distribution's release announcement and in the release notes. Download (pkglist): ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,589MB, SHA256, signature, torrent), ubuntu-20.04-live-server-amd64.iso (908MB, SHA256, signature, torrent).

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The Ubuntu Studio team has announced the release of Ubuntu Studio 20.04, a long-term support release which receives three years of security updates. "The Ubuntu Studio team is pleased to announce the release of Ubuntu Studio 20.04, code-named “Focal Fossa”. This marks Ubuntu Studio’s 27th release. This release is a Long-Term Support release and as such, it is supported for 3 years (until April 2023). Since it’s just out, you may experience some issues, so you might want to wait a bit before upgrading. Please see the release notes for a complete list of changes and known issues." The release announcement displays screenshots and offers upgrade instructions for existing users. It also lists new software available in this release, along with items which were removed from version 20.04, often due to Python 2 reaching the end of its supported life. Download: ubuntustudio-20.04-dvd-amd64.iso (3,424MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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The Kubuntu team has announced the release of Kubuntu 20.04. The new release features the KDE Plasma 5.18 desktop and offers three years of security updates. "The Kubuntu Team is happy to announce that Kubuntu 20.04 LTS has been released, featuring the beautiful KDE Plasma 5.18 LTS: simple by default, powerful when needed. Codenamed Focal Fossa, Kubuntu 20.04 continues our tradition of giving you Friendly Computing by integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. Under the hood, there have been updates to many core packages, including a new 5.4-based kernel, KDE Frameworks 5.68, Plasma 5.18 LTS and KDE Applications 19.12.3. Kubuntu has seen many updates for other applications, both in our default install, and installable from the Ubuntu archive." Further details can be found in the project's release announcement and in the release notes. Download: kubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,244MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Martin Wimpress has announced the release of Ubuntu MATE 20.04. The new release, which will receive three years of support, ships with version 1.24 of the MATE desktop and introduces a firmware update tool called fwupd. "Those of you who follow the desktop Linux news will know that upstream MATE Desktop recently released version 1.24. Ubuntu MATE 20.04 is shipping with MATE Desktop 1.24. Thus, all of the improvements in MATE Desktop 1.24 are present in Ubuntu MATE 20.04 LTS. Since the last LTS we worked on the following: added multiple coloured theme variations as one-click installs for those of you who simply don't like Chelsea Cucumber; added experimental ZFS install option; added GameMode from Feral Interactive; fixed several crashers in Brisk Menu and added keyboard navigation; fixed panel layout switching which is now stable and reliable via MATE Tweak Tweak and Ubuntu MATE Welcome; fixed rendering window controls on HiDPI displays; fixed irregular icon sizes in MATE Control Center and made them render nicely on HiDPI displays." Further details on the new version can be found in the release notes. Download: ubuntu-mate-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,217MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Ubuntu Kylin 20.04, an official Ubuntu edition customised for the users in China, has been released. This release comes with an updated version of the UKUI desktop environment (a fork of MATE): "The Ubuntu Kylin team is pleased to announce the official release of Ubuntu Kylin's open-source operating system, version 20.04 LTS (code-named 'Focal Fossa'). Ubuntu Kylin 20.04 is the fourth long-term support (LTS) version and it offers 3 years of technical support. The new version of Ubuntu Kylin 20.04 LTS comes with the new UKUI 3.0 desktop environment preview and it supports x86 and arm64 architectures, which further optimizes the 4K HD display effect and application component stability. The new Kirin cloud account function unifies the identity authentication of all platforms and provides users with the cloud synchronization function. It also fixes 539 known issues, such as the inability of the taskbar to preview minimized apps and a file manager memory leak." See the release announcements (in Simplified Chinese or in English) for further information and screenshots. Download: ubuntukylin-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,186MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Yousuf Philips has announced the release of Xubuntu 20.04, the latest stable version from the project that develops an official Ubuntu spin with Xfce as the preferred desktop: "The Xubuntu team is happy to announce the immediate release of Xubuntu 20.04. Xubuntu 20.04, code-named 'Focal Fossa', is a long-term support (LTS) release and will be supported for three years, until April 2023. The Xubuntu team has been hard at work for the last six months of this development cycle improving both the Xfce desktop environment and the Xubuntu user experience following our 19.10 release, which introduced Xfce 4.14 for the first time. We were thrilled by the response to the Ubuntu testing week which helped us make 20.04 another great and stable release. Highlights: a brand-new dark theme, Greybird-dark, has been added, complementing the default Greybird theme; six community wallpapers are bundled from winners of the Community Wallpaper Contest; with the end of life of Python 2, we no longer ship it by default, while apt-offline and pidgin-libnotify are no longer included." Read the rest of the release announcement for further information and known issues. Download: xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,586MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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To conclude the much-awaited Ubuntu LTS release day, here is David Mohammed's announcement of the release of Ubuntu Budgie 20.04: "We are pleased to announce the release of the new version of our distribution, our second long-term support (LTS) release as an official flavor of the Ubuntu family. This LTS build is supported for three years while the regular releases are supported for 9 months. The new version rolls-up various developments, fixes and optimizations that have been released since the 18.04 LTS release in April 2018: stylish menu applet; Budgie-based network manager applet; Window Shuffler - a keyboard-friendly tiling CTRL+ALT+keypad numbers; the currently focussed window can be tiled to each corner, side to side or maximized and unmaximized all from the keyboard; desktop layouts - choose your default desktop layout with one click; 4K resolution Budgie desktop and Budgie applet support; GNOME Firmware and Drawing are the new default applications; Ubuntu Budgie team wallpapers for 20.04...." See the full release announcement for a complete list of new features. Download: ubuntu-budgie-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,084MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Las novedades en arribo para Ubuntu 20.04 “Focal Fossa”.

Faltan pocos días para que el team de Canonical publique la nueva versión LTS de Ubuntu.

Será la primera del 2020 y llevará por sonmbre, somo es sabido, “Focal Fossa”.

Las novedades no son demasiadas y, especialmente, muchas de ellas “no se ven” a simple vista.

Repasemos, ante todo, el calendario de test qye ha seguido esta nueva versión de Ubuntu:

Ubuntu 20.04 con nombre en código Focal Fossa se lanzará el 23 de abril de 2020.

Semana de prueba: 9 de enero de 2020
Bloque de funciones: 27 de febrero de 2020
Bloqueo de la interfaz de usuario: 19 de marzo de 2020

Ubuntu 20.04 Beta: 2 de abril de 2020
Cierre de kernel: 9 de abril de 2020
Release Candidate: 16 de abril de 2020
Ubuntu 20.04 versión final estable: 23 de abril de 2020

¿Estás entusiasmado con Ubuntu 20.04?

Veamos qué nuevos cambios trae esta versión de soporte a largo plazo.

Nuevas características en Ubuntu 20.04

Como es una versión LTS, la estabilidad es de suma importancia.

El equipo de Canonical no experimentará ningún cambio radical en Ubuntu 20.04

Los usuarios de Ubuntu 18.04 LTS seguramente notarán los cambios visuales y las mejoras de rendimiento, pero no creo que vean muchos cambios entre 19.10 y 20.04.

1. Otras variaciones de temas predefinidos.

Canonical está experimentando nuevamente con temas.

En Ubuntu 19.10, el tema predeterminado de Yaru introdujo una versión oscura.

Ubuntu 20.04 toma tres variaciones más del tema predeterminado de Yaru: Light, Dark y Standard.

De hecho, no necesita instalar ajustes de GNOME para cambiar entre las variaciones de tema predeterminadas.

Esta opción está incorporada en la aplicación Configuración.

Tema Ubuntu Yaru Light Dark

2.- Deshabilitar todas las notificaciones de escritorio con el botón 'no molestar'.

Estás distraído por las notificaciones de escritorio?

Puedes usar ahora  la opción 'no molestar' para habilitar o deshabilitar las notificaciones de escritorio.

3.- Escalamiento fraccional par los iconos.

Ubuntu finalmente trae una reducción de tamaño fraccional.

Si siempre descubrió que los íconos 100% parecían demasiado pequeños y 200% demasiado grandes, puede aprovechar la escala fraccional.

Si está habilitado, la escala se puede establecer en 125, 150, 175 y 200.

Escalado fraccional en Ubuntu 20.04

4.- ¿No te gusta el dock? Finalmente puedes deshacerte de él.

Me encontré con algunas personas a las que no les gusta el lanzador o el dock con accesos directos a las aplicaciones que generalmente se encuentran en el lado izquierdo de la pantalla.

En versiones anteriores, podías cambiar su posición en la parte inferior o derecha u ocultarlo cuando se le acerca una ventana de aplicación pero no puede ocultarlo permanentemente.

Si nunca te ha gustado el dock, ahora puedes desactivarlo por completo.

Hay una nueva aplicación, obviamente llamada Extensiones, para administrar extensiones y puede usarla para deshabilitar completamente el dock.

Desactivar Dock en Ubuntu 20.04

5.- Linux Kernel 5.4

Ubuntu 20.04 incluye el último kernel LTS 5.4 .

Esto significa que obtienes soportenativo de ExFAT y todas las demás mejoras de rendimiento y nuevos medios de hardware que vienen con él.

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