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Cómo personalizar LXDE entorno de escritorio ligero y rápido para Linux (1a parte).

Hoy les explicaré como personalizar LXDE entorno de escritorio ligero y rápido que mantiene una baja utilización de recursos.


LXDE es un entorno de escritorio libre para Unix y otras plataformas POSIX, como Linux o BSD. Y está especialmente destinado a PC con recursos limitados.


Limitados no quiere decir antediluvianos. Quiere decir simplemente PC que tienen alrededor de 10 años de antiguedad. Para citar un ejemplo, PC con Windows 7 porque no soportarían el mastodóntico Windows 8 ni tampoco Windows 10 o cualquier distribución Linux publicada antes de los 2-3 últimos años.



Cómo personalizar LXDE (1a parte).


Con lo rápida que corre la tecnología no es poco. Y la mayoría de las distribuciones en Linux y demás sistemas operativos (Windows no se queda atrás) han tenido que seguir corriendo a la par.


Por ejemplo los que seguíamos Ubuntu tuvimos que abandonarlo cuando Canonical decidió implementar Unity como entorno. Pesadísimo para mi pobre ordenador. Bloqueos continuos.


Hablamos de un PC con 3 gb de memoria RAM instalada y un sistema operativo a 32 bit para entendernos. Los 64 bit todavía son un sueño.



En este tipo de ordenadores LXDE (del cuál hablaré un poco hoy) junto a XFCE son los que más se adaptan. 


Distribuciones que usan LXDE.


Y de hecho han comenzado a ser montados por varios distribuciones: Lubuntu (la derivada oficial de Ubuntu), Trisquel Mini, Sabayon, PCLinuxOS, OpenSuse, AVLinux, Berry, Arch Linux, Pardus y otras.


Obviamente esto no pretende ser un tutorial sobre Lubuntu.


Algo parecido escribí hace mucho tiempo atrás en este artículo para quienes quieran profundizar el tema.


En este post hablaré de 5 maneras de como mejorar el aspecto y las prestaciones de nuestro viejo y querido PC sin alterar los recursos que consume.


Como quien dice: rejuvenecerlo un poco.


Como el tema es demasiado extenso iniciaremos con tres modos, métodos o maneras -como quieran llamarlo- para personalizar LXDE cambiándole el aspecto (para bien de todos).




Origen del nombre y características principales. 


El nombre corresponde a las iniciales de "Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment", el verdadero nombre del entorno que en español significa Entorno de Escritorio X11 Ligero. Así de simple.


LXDE es un proyecto que apunta a entregar un nuevo entorno de escritorio ligero y rápido.


No está diseñado para ser tan complejo como KDE o GNOME, es bastante espartano y simple en su parte gráfica, pero es bastante usable y ligero, y -fundamentalmente-mantiene una baja utilización de recursos.


A diferencia de otros ambientes de escritorio, los componentes son independientes, lo que permite utilizarlos a cada uno con muy pocas dependencias.


Entre los principales cabe destacar: PCManFM, LXLauncher, LXPanel, LXSession, LXAppearance, Xarchiver, LXTerminal, GPicView y otros


Lo mejores temas de las librerías GTK2.


Para mejorar el aspecto gráfico GTK ha creado las librerías GTK3 que si bien visualmente tienen un aspecto mucho más agradable también consumen muchos recursos más.


LXDE no las usa. Usa la anterior anterior, es decir GTK2 y por defecto no se presenta en modo muy vistoso.


Cómo mejorarlas? Simplemente yendo a gnome-look.org y descargándolas desde este enlace para luego instalarlas. Hay algunos verdaderamente muy bonitos que no tienen nada que envidiar a las GTK3.


Si bien muchos temas son para XFCE también hay muchos para LXDE





Administrador de ventanas. 


LXDE tiene un administrador de ventanas como casi todos los entornos de escritorio.


Pero no lo crea sino que usa uno muy popular y liviano que se llama Openbox.


La ventaja de esto es que los usuarios de LXDE pueden administrar el escritorio y los administradores de ventanas ellos mismos.


De qué manera? Por ejemplo cambiando los temas que podemos encontrar en box-look.org


Cambiar los temas de Openbox en LXDE se puede hacer de dos maneras. La primera forma es seleccionar un tema dentro de LXAppearance.


El segundo (mejor) método es abrir Obconf, la herramienta de configuración de Openbox.


Abrimos Obconf con ALT + F2 en forma contemporánea, escribimos "obconf" y le damos a Enter.


Para instalar los temas que hemos descargado es suficiente dar a Instala nuevo tema.


Artículo publicado originalmente en HIVE.blog

Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa" y derivadas oficiales listas para la descarga.

Con la precision habitual a que nos tiene acostumbrados Canonical Ubuntu 20.04 ha sido publicada puntualmente.


La primera en ver la luz fue Lubuntu. Esta vez el equipo de desarrolladores de Lubuntu le ganó la pulseada a Ubuntu y partió primero.


Una partida de Fórmula 1, con todas las actualizaciones de la derivada que más está trabajando últimamente.


A ella siguieron pocos minutos más tarde Ubuntu y Ubuntu Studio.

Publicada Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa" y sabores oficiales.


El detalle completo, las descargas y las notas de publicación a través de Distrowatch:

 

Lubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa".


The Lubuntu team has announced the availability of Lubuntu 20.04, a long-term support (LTS) release. This release used the LXQt desktop (most previous releases used LXDE as the default desktop) and uses the Calamares system installer instead of the Ubiquity installer used by most other official Ubuntu editions. "This is the fourth Lubuntu release with LXQt as the main desktop environment. The Lubuntu project, in 18.10 and successive releases, will no longer support the LXDE desktop environment or tools in the Ubuntu archive, and will instead focus on the LXQt desktop environment. You can find the following major applications and toolkits installed by default in this release: LXQt 0.14.1. Qt 5.12.8 LTS. Mozilla Firefox 75, which will receive updates from the Ubuntu Security Team throughout the support cycle of the release. The LibreOffice 6.4.2 suite. VLC 3.0.9.2, for viewing media and listening to music. Featherpad 0.12.1, for notes and code editing. Discover Software Center 5.18.4, for an easy, graphical way to install and update software. The powerful and fast email client Trojita 0.7 to get you to inbox zero in no time." Further details can be found in the project's release announcement. Download: lubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,668MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa".


Iain Lane has announced the release of Ubuntu 20.04, a new long-term support (LTS) version of the popular distribution. "The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 5.4 based Linux kernel, with additional support for Wireguard VPN, AUFS5, and improved support for IBM, Intel, Raspberry Pi and AMD hardware. Ubuntu Desktop 20.04 LTS features the latest version of the GNOME desktop environment, 3.36. Notable changes from 18.04 LTS include performance improvements, a new lock screen design, and support for fractional scaling under X11. 20.04 LTS also features a new look-and-feel: the Yaru theme, available in both light and dark variants. 20.04 LTS also brings support for installing an Ubuntu desktop system on top of ZFS. The latest version brings performance enhancements and optional encryption support. Zsys, Ubuntu’s ZFS system tool, provides automated system and user state saving. Tight integration with GRUB allows a user to revert to any system state on boot and go back in time to pave the way to a bulletproof Ubuntu Desktop." Further details can be found in the distribution's release announcement and in the release notes. Download (pkglist): ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,589MB, SHA256, signature, torrent), ubuntu-20.04-live-server-amd64.iso (908MB, SHA256, signature, torrent).

Ubuntu Studio 20.04 "Focal Fossa". 

 


The Ubuntu Studio team has announced the release of Ubuntu Studio 20.04, a long-term support release which receives three years of security updates. "The Ubuntu Studio team is pleased to announce the release of Ubuntu Studio 20.04, code-named “Focal Fossa”. This marks Ubuntu Studio’s 27th release. This release is a Long-Term Support release and as such, it is supported for 3 years (until April 2023). Since it’s just out, you may experience some issues, so you might want to wait a bit before upgrading. Please see the release notes for a complete list of changes and known issues." The release announcement displays screenshots and offers upgrade instructions for existing users. It also lists new software available in this release, along with items which were removed from version 20.04, often due to Python 2 reaching the end of its supported life. Download: ubuntustudio-20.04-dvd-amd64.iso (3,424MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


 Kubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa".


The Kubuntu team has announced the release of Kubuntu 20.04. The new release features the KDE Plasma 5.18 desktop and offers three years of security updates. "The Kubuntu Team is happy to announce that Kubuntu 20.04 LTS has been released, featuring the beautiful KDE Plasma 5.18 LTS: simple by default, powerful when needed. Codenamed Focal Fossa, Kubuntu 20.04 continues our tradition of giving you Friendly Computing by integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. Under the hood, there have been updates to many core packages, including a new 5.4-based kernel, KDE Frameworks 5.68, Plasma 5.18 LTS and KDE Applications 19.12.3. Kubuntu has seen many updates for other applications, both in our default install, and installable from the Ubuntu archive." Further details can be found in the project's release announcement and in the release notes. Download: kubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,244MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu MATE 20.04 "Focal Fossa".

 
Martin Wimpress has announced the release of Ubuntu MATE 20.04. The new release, which will receive three years of support, ships with version 1.24 of the MATE desktop and introduces a firmware update tool called fwupd. "Those of you who follow the desktop Linux news will know that upstream MATE Desktop recently released version 1.24. Ubuntu MATE 20.04 is shipping with MATE Desktop 1.24. Thus, all of the improvements in MATE Desktop 1.24 are present in Ubuntu MATE 20.04 LTS. Since the last LTS we worked on the following: added multiple coloured theme variations as one-click installs for those of you who simply don't like Chelsea Cucumber; added experimental ZFS install option; added GameMode from Feral Interactive; fixed several crashers in Brisk Menu and added keyboard navigation; fixed panel layout switching which is now stable and reliable via MATE Tweak Tweak and Ubuntu MATE Welcome; fixed rendering window controls on HiDPI displays; fixed irregular icon sizes in MATE Control Center and made them render nicely on HiDPI displays." Further details on the new version can be found in the release notes. Download: ubuntu-mate-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,217MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu Kulin 20.04 "Focal Fossa".

 
Ubuntu Kylin 20.04, an official Ubuntu edition customised for the users in China, has been released. This release comes with an updated version of the UKUI desktop environment (a fork of MATE): "The Ubuntu Kylin team is pleased to announce the official release of Ubuntu Kylin's open-source operating system, version 20.04 LTS (code-named 'Focal Fossa'). Ubuntu Kylin 20.04 is the fourth long-term support (LTS) version and it offers 3 years of technical support. The new version of Ubuntu Kylin 20.04 LTS comes with the new UKUI 3.0 desktop environment preview and it supports x86 and arm64 architectures, which further optimizes the 4K HD display effect and application component stability. The new Kirin cloud account function unifies the identity authentication of all platforms and provides users with the cloud synchronization function. It also fixes 539 known issues, such as the inability of the taskbar to preview minimized apps and a file manager memory leak." See the release announcements (in Simplified Chinese or in English) for further information and screenshots. Download: ubuntukylin-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,186MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Xubuntu 20.04 "Focal Fossa". 

 
Yousuf Philips has announced the release of Xubuntu 20.04, the latest stable version from the project that develops an official Ubuntu spin with Xfce as the preferred desktop: "The Xubuntu team is happy to announce the immediate release of Xubuntu 20.04. Xubuntu 20.04, code-named 'Focal Fossa', is a long-term support (LTS) release and will be supported for three years, until April 2023. The Xubuntu team has been hard at work for the last six months of this development cycle improving both the Xfce desktop environment and the Xubuntu user experience following our 19.10 release, which introduced Xfce 4.14 for the first time. We were thrilled by the response to the Ubuntu testing week which helped us make 20.04 another great and stable release. Highlights: a brand-new dark theme, Greybird-dark, has been added, complementing the default Greybird theme; six community wallpapers are bundled from winners of the Community Wallpaper Contest; with the end of life of Python 2, we no longer ship it by default, while apt-offline and pidgin-libnotify are no longer included." Read the rest of the release announcement for further information and known issues. Download: xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,586MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu Budgie 20.04 "Focal Fossa". 

 
To conclude the much-awaited Ubuntu LTS release day, here is David Mohammed's announcement of the release of Ubuntu Budgie 20.04: "We are pleased to announce the release of the new version of our distribution, our second long-term support (LTS) release as an official flavor of the Ubuntu family. This LTS build is supported for three years while the regular releases are supported for 9 months. The new version rolls-up various developments, fixes and optimizations that have been released since the 18.04 LTS release in April 2018: stylish menu applet; Budgie-based network manager applet; Window Shuffler - a keyboard-friendly tiling CTRL+ALT+keypad numbers; the currently focussed window can be tiled to each corner, side to side or maximized and unmaximized all from the keyboard; desktop layouts - choose your default desktop layout with one click; 4K resolution Budgie desktop and Budgie applet support; GNOME Firmware and Drawing are the new default applications; Ubuntu Budgie team wallpapers for 20.04...." See the full release announcement for a complete list of new features. Download: ubuntu-budgie-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,084MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo y derivadas ya están disponibles para las descargas.

Con la precisión a la que nos tiene acostumbrados Canonical ha publicado la versión oficial de Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo y derivadas.

Ubuntu 19.04 viene con la última versión de escritorio GNOME 3.32, cuyo rendimiento se ha mejorado en las últimas versiones y tiene una gran cantidad de fallos corregidos y  Linux 5.0 la flamante nueva versión del kernel.

A través del portal de Distrowatch todas las características de la nueva Ubuntu y las instrucciones pra las descargas.

Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo y derivadas ya están disponibles para las descargas.

Todas las versiones de Ubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo".




A continuación todas las versiones de Ubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo" y sus respectivas derivadas.

Ubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Ubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo".

Martin Wimpress has announced the launch of Ubuntu MATE 19.04 which ships with version 1.20 of the MATE desktop and updated video drivers. "Ubuntu MATE 19.04 is shipping with MATE Desktop 1.20. Albeit, the latest maintenance release of MATE Desktop 1.20 with some of the bug fixes and new features from MATE Desktop 1.22 included. In fact, the version of MATE Desktop being shipped in 19.04 is derived from the same MATE packages that will feature in the upcoming Debian 10 (Buster) release. You may be wondering why we're not shipping MATE Desktop 1.22? The answer: stability. MATE Desktop 1.22 introduces some underlying API changes in core components and while all first party MATE Desktop applications are compatible with the changes and completely stable, some third party applications are not. Some third party applications are big crashers now and we've not been able to fix them in time. So, we are playing it safe and sticking with MATE Desktop 1.20 and working with upstreams so we can land MATE Desktop 1.22 early in the Ubuntu MATE 19.10 development cycle." Further information can be found in the project's release announcement and in the Ubuntu release notes. Download: ubuntu-mate-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,988MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist). Also available from OSDisc.

Ubuntu Mate 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.


Ubuntu Mate 19.04 "Disco Dingo".
    
Leer también: Canonical lanza parches de seguridad para todas las versiones de Ubuntu compatibles.
Adam Conrad has announced the release of Ubuntu 19.04, codename "Disco Dingo". The new release ships with GNOME 3.32, version 5.0 of the Linux kernel, and offers fractional scaling through both X.Org and Wayland desktop sessions. "Codenamed "Disco Dingo", 19.04 continues Ubuntu's proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 5.0 based Linux kernel, our default toolchain has moved to gcc 8.3 with glibc 2.29, and we've also updated to openssl 1.1.1b and gnutls 3.6.5 with TLS1.3 support. Ubuntu Desktop 19.04 introduces GNOME 3.32 with increased performance, smoother startup animations, quicker icon load times and reduced CPU+GPU load. Fractional scaling for HiDPI screens is now available in Xorg and Wayland." Further details can be found in the distribution's release announcement and in the release notes. Download (pkglist): ubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,000MB, SHA256, signature, torrent), ubuntu-19.04-live-server-amd64.iso (748MB, SHA256, signature, torrent).

Ubuntu Studio 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Ubuntu Studio 19.04 "Disco Dingo".


The Ubuntu Studio team has published a new release, Ubuntu Studio 19.04. The new release is supported for nine months and ships with a new audio plugin host called Carla. "Officially released on April 15, 2019, Carla 2.0.0 has been added to Ubuntu Studio to replace the outdated jack-rack and add more functionality. Carla is an audio plugin host that can handle many different types of plugins, from Ladspa to DSSI to LV2 to VST. In fact, if you install the WINE bridge (not installed by default), Carla can host Windows-compiled VST plugins. Carla can also act as a plugin itself, allowing your DAW to use any audio plugin. Carla also includes a patchbay, which is functionally similar to that of Patchage. Ubuntu Studio Controls has been upgraded to 1.7 with many bugfixes, and is now the preferred method for starting Jack. As such, we ask that you discontinue use of QJackCtl for starting Jack. QJackCtl remains a good way to monitor Jack’s performance and logs." Further details on the project's latest version can be found in the distribution's release announcement. Download: ubuntustudio-19.04-dvd-amd64.iso (3,132MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist). Also available from OSDisc.

Ubuntu Budgie 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Ubuntu Budgie 19.04 "Disco Dingo".

The Ubuntu Budgie team has announced the release of Ubuntu Budgie 19.04 which received nine months of support. The new version includes a number of bug fixes and swaps out the Nautilus file manager for Nemo. "19.04 is supported for 9 months; our 18.04 LTS is supported for 3 years. Based on 18.04 and 18.10 experiences, feedback and suggestions that we have received from our users, the new release comes with a lot of new features, fixes and optimizations. This release is a big step towards our 20.04 LTS. Here is what you can expect with the new release: showcasing the latest Budgie desktop developments Budgie desktop v10.5 is now officially available; showcasing the latest budgie-applets available; replacing Nautilus for Nemo - retains desktop-icons capability with all the features of Nemo such as dual pane etc + integrated catfish search - lookout for our nemo-extensions in budgie-welcome recommendations; stylish reworking of our desktop together shipping a new theme QogirBudgie which can be chosen together with Pocillo and Arc; integrating all of this together with the major GNOME developments of GTK+3.24 and Mutter 3.32." Further information can be found in the project's release announcement and in the release notes. Download: ubuntu-budgie-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,703MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist). Also available from OSDisc.



Kubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Kubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo".

The Kubuntu team has published Kubuntu 19.04, a new release which ships with KDE Plasma 5.15, Qt 5.12 and Linux 5.0. The new version includes nine months of security updates. The release announcement states: "Kubuntu 19.04 has been released, featuring the beautiful Plasma 5.15 desktop from the KDE community. Code-named Disco Dingo, Kubuntu 19.04 continues our proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. Under the hood, there have been updates to many core packages, including a new 5.00-based kernel, Qt 5.12, KDE Frameworks 5.56, Plasma 5.15.4, and KDE Applications 18.12.3. Kubuntu has seen some exciting improvements, with newer versions of Qt, updates to major packages like Krita, KDE Connect, Kstars, Latte-dock, Firefox and LibreOffice, and stability improvements to KDE Plasma. For a list of other application updates, upgrading notes and known bugs be sure to read our release notes." Download: kubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,827MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist). Also available from OSDisc.

Lubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Lubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo".

The Lubuntu team has published a new version of their distribution. Lubuntu 19.04 provides nine months of support and ships with version 0.14.1 of the LXQt desktop environment. Unlike most other community flavours of Ubuntu which use the Ubiquity installer, Lubuntu uses the Calamares system installer. "This is the second Lubuntu release with LXQt as the main desktop environment. The Lubuntu project, in 18.10 and successive releases, will no longer support the LXDE desktop environment or tools in the Ubuntu archive, and will instead focus on the LXQt desktop environment. You can find the following major applications and toolkits installed by default in this release: LXQt 0.14.1; Qt 5.12.2; Mozilla Firefox 66, which will receive updates from the Ubuntu Security Team throughout the support cycle of the release; the LibreOffice 6.2.2 suite, with the Qt 5 frontend; VLC 3.0.6, for viewing media and listening to music; Featherpad 0.9.3, for notes and code editing; Discover Software Center 5.15.4, for an easy, graphical way to install and update software; the powerful and fast email client Trojitá 0.7 to get you to inbox zero in no time." Further details can be found in the project's release announcementDownloadlubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,580MB, SHA256signaturetorrentpkglist). Also available from OSDisc.

Leer también: Ubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo” nuevas características y todo lo importante asociado con ella.

Xubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Xubuntu 19.04 "Disco Dingo".

The Xubuntu developers have announced the release of Xubuntu 19.04. The new version ships with version 5.0 of the Linux kernel and provides nine months of support. This release ships with some components from Xfce's development branch to improve the desktop experience. The project's release announcementstates: "Highlights: Xubuntu 19.04 features a wide range of bug fixes for issues identified in previous releases, many of which have already been backported to the stable releases. AptURL, The GIMP, and LibreOffice Impress have been included to provide a more complete and user-friendly desktop experience. New keyboard shortcuts make it easier and faster to get work done. Shift + Print Screen will capture a screenshot for a specified region. Press F4 in Thunar to open a terminal window in the current path, or press Ctrl + Shift + F to search for files. Many Xfce 4.13 components have been added or updated, providing an updated snapshot of Xfce 4.14 development." Further details can be found in the distribution's release notesDownloadxubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso(1,517MB, SHA256signaturetorrentpkglist). Also available from OSDisc

Ubuntu Kylin 19.04 “Disco Dingo”.

Ubuntu Kylin  19.04 "Disco Dingo".

The team behind Ubuntu Kylin has published a new version of their distribution which introduces a new visual style. The project's new release, Ubuntu Kylin 19.04, introduces transparency effects to the application menu, adds a preview function to the file manager and provides nine months of support. "In April 19th, 2019, We are glad to announce the official release of open source operating system Ubuntu Kylin 19.04 (Disco Dingo). In this version, OS stability is our first goal to obtain. In order to provide a better experience for users, a series of improvements are made on system kernel, basic service, desktop environment and specialized apps. In addition, other open source distribution such as Ubuntu 19.04、Lubuntu 19.04 and Ubuntu Mate 19.04 are released in the same time. We are bringing a whole new visual experience in this distribution, from system choice, boot up animation, log in program to system desktop, a unified style is presented. Amazing transparency effect is utilized on start menu, taskbar and notification area, give your desktop a sense of technology. Practical functions are provided to simplify your daily operations." Further details can be found in the release announcement (ChineseEnglish). Downloadubuntukylin-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2,195MB, SHA256signaturetorrentpkglist).



9 nuevas características en Ubuntu 18.10 “Cosmic Cuttlefish”.

Con la puntualidad que la caracteriza Canonical ha publicado la nueva versión de Ubuntu con todas sus derivadas oficiales.

Es hora de echar un vistazo a lo que viene a esta nueva versión.

Los nombres de código de Ubuntu están en orden alfabético incremental, ahora tenemos Cosmic Cuttlefish después de Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver.

Estos nombres en código están compuestos por un adjetivo y un animal, ambos comienzan con la misma letra.
ubuntu-18-10-cosmic-cuttlefish-800x450
Nuevas Características en Ubuntu 18.10 “Cosmic Cuttlefish

Nuevas Características en Ubuntu 18.10


GNOME 3.30

GNOME 3.30 fue lanzado en septiembre 2018. Ubuntu 18.10 tendrá esta nueva versión de GNOME.


Nuevos temas e iconos por defecto.

Se suponía que Ubuntu 18.04 tendría una nueva apariencia con la comunidad desarrollada bajo el nombre de Communitheme . Este tema no se pudo completar a tiempo para la versión 18.04. Ubuntu 18.10 ahora tiene el tema de la Comunidad Yaru instalado de forma predeterminada, lo que le da un aspecto fresco y deslumbrante.

Mayor duración de la batería para portátiles.

Siguiendo el ejemplo de Fedora 28 , Canonical (empresa matriz de Ubuntu) también está trabajando para mejorar la duración de la batería de las computadoras portátiles. El kernel de Linux tiene opciones para cambiar los controladores de disco duro, los controladores USB y otros dispositivos similares a un estado de bajo consumo cuando no están en uso. Esto reduce el consumo general de energía y, por lo tanto, mejora la vida útil de la batería.

Sin embargo, hacer esto automáticamente causa problemas y es por esto que Ubuntu no tuvo este comportamiento habilitado en el pasado.

El equipo de desarrollo de Ubuntu está explorando aún más estas opciones para ver qué se podría hacer para mejorar la vida útil de la batería sin afectar la estabilidad del sistema.

Soporte para escáner de huellas digitales.

Ubuntu 18.10 tendrá soporte para escáner de huellas dactilares. Esto significa que si su computadora tiene un escáner de huellas dactilares, podrá desbloquear su sistema Ubuntu con huellas dactilares.

Mejora del tiempo de inicio y soporte de portales XDG para aplicaciones Snap.

Siguiendo con su enfoque en los paquetes Snap , Canonical le está aportando algunas mejoras útiles. Las aplicaciones instantáneas tardarán menos tiempo en iniciarse.

Linux Kernel 4.18

Ubuntu 18.10 tiene Linux Kernel 4.18. Esta versión del Kernel tiene algunas mejoras para AMD y Nvidia GPU, USB Type-C y Thunderbolt, y optimizaciones de rendimiento en CPUfreq entre otras muchas características.

Soporte de 32 bits.

Ubuntu GNOME predeterminado ha dejado de proporcionar ISO de 32 bits desde la versión Ubuntu 17.10. Algunos otras derivadas de Ubuntu como Ubuntu MATE, Kubuntu, etc., todavía ofrecen descargas iso de 32 bits hasta la versión 18.04.

Pero parece que todo está cambiando ahora.

Ubuntu MATE ha anunciado que no habrá una imagen de 32 bits para Ubuntu MATE 18.10 . Ubuntu Budgie y Kubuntu también han anunciado que están lanzando la versión de 32 bits.
Los usuarios existentes de 32 bits aún obtendrán soporte hasta 2023.

Instalación más rápida y arranque con nuevos algoritmos de compresión.

Trabajando con nuevos algoritmos de compresión como LZ4 y ztsd , Se supone que Ubuntu 18.10 tiene un arranque un 10% más rápido. La instalación también será un poco más rápida. Lo que definitivamente es una buena noticia para todos los usuarios de Ubuntu.

Otros cambios diversos en Ubuntu 18.10

Algunos otros cambios en el próximo Ubuntu 18.10 son los siguientes:
Mejoras de UI y UX al software GNOME (posibilidad)
Soporte DLNA para conectar Ubuntu con Smart TV, tabletas y otros dispositivos compatibles con DLNA
Un instalador nuevo y mejorado (menos probable que se complete antes de la versión 18.10)
Ubuntu Software elimina las dependencias al desinstalar el software
Ubuntu Software mostrará una marca verde verificada para las aplicaciones Snap desarrolladas por el propietario de la marca. Lo mismo se puede encontrar en el sitio web de la tienda Snap recientemente rediseñado.

El lanzamiento de todas las derivadas oficiales via Distrowatch:

Ubuntu Mate.

ubuntumate (1)Martin Wimpress has announced the release of Ubuntu MATE18.10. The new version ships with version 1.20.3 of the MATE desktop environment and will receive nine months of support. "Curiously, the work during this Ubuntu MATE 18.10 release has really been focused on what will become Ubuntu MATE 18.04.2. Let me explain. The upstream MATE Desktop team have been working on many bug fixes for MATE desktop 1.20.3, that has resulted in a lot of maintenance updates in the upstream releases of MATE desktop. The Debian packaging team for MATE Desktop, of which I am member, has been updating all the MATE packages to track these upstream bug fixes and new releases. Just about all MATE desktop packages and associated components, such as AppMenu and MATE Dock Applet have been updated. Now that all these fixes exist in the 18.10 release, we will start the process of SRU'ing (backporting) them to 18.04 so that they will feature in the Ubuntu MATE 18.04.2 release due in February 2019. The fixes should start landing in Ubuntu MATE 18.04 very soon, well before the February deadline. Ubuntu MATE 18.04.2 will include a hardware enablement stack (HWE) based on what is shipped in Ubuntu 18.10...." Additional information can be found in the distribution's release announcement.
Download: ubuntu-mate-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso (2,006MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu Studio.

ubuntustudio_thumbThe Ubuntu Studio team has announced the release of version 18.10 of their multimedia-focused distribution. The new release enables the automatic use of JACK for removable USB audio devices and introduces PikoPixel for editing pixel part. "Ubuntu Studio Controls has historically been the app to run to get initial audio configuration set for your system. This release, Ubuntu Studio Controls has undergone a major rewrite, and has the following features: Option for changing the CPU governor; configuration of JACK, including any attached USB audio devices; configuration of the JACK-PulseAudio Bridge; configuration of the JACK-ALSA MIDI Bridge. Ubuntu Studio Controls now, for the first time ever for any JACK configuration GUI, configures JACK to automatically detect hot-plugged USB audio devices and allows you to use more than one audio device at a time. This is something you will find in no other such utility. Future plans for Ubuntu Studio Controls includes configuration of WACOM Tablets, which is something currently not available in our default Xfce desktop environment." Additional details and future plans can be found in the distribution's release announcement and in the release notes.
Download: ubuntustudio-18.10-dvd-amd64.iso(3,002MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

Kubuntu.

kubuntu-1810Continuing the Ubuntu release day news, here is the announcement of the release of Kubuntu 18.10, an official Ubuntu flavour featuring KDE Plasma 5 desktop: "Kubuntu 18.10, featuring the beautiful Plasma 5.13 desktop from KDE, has been released. Code-named 'Cosmic Cuttlefish', Kubuntu 18.10 continues our proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open-source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. Under the hood, there have been updates to many core packages, including a new 4.18-based Linux kernel, Qt 5.11, KDE Frameworks 5.50, Plasma 5.13.5 and KDE Applications 18.04.3. Kubuntu has seen some exciting improvements, with newer versions of Qt, updates to major packages like Krita, Kdeconnect, Kstars, Peruse, Latte-dock, Firefox and LibreOffice, and stability improvements to KDE Plasma. In addition, Snap integration in Plasma Discover software center is now enabled by default." And some good news for the disappointed users who had hoped for the inclusion of Plasma 5.14 in Kubuntu 18.10: "Users who wish to test the latest Plasma 5.14.1 and Frameworks 5.51, which came too late in our release cycle to make it into 18.10 as default, can install these via our Backports PPA." Read the release announcementand the release notes for more information.
Download: kubuntu-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso(1,781MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu Budgie.

ubuntubudgie-18.10David Mohammed has announced the release of Ubuntu Budgie18.10, a new and improved version of the distribution that features the Budgie desktop (originally developed by the Solus project): "We are pleased to announce the release of a new version of our distro, the fourth as an official flavor of the Ubuntu family. Based on 18.04 experiences, feedback and suggestions that we have received from our users, the new release comes with a lot of new features, fixes and optimizations. Here is what you can expect in the new release: showcasing the latest Budgie desktop developments, re-working some of our most used applets to be more efficient and faster; adding new productivity applets; integrating all of this together with the major GNOME developments of GTK+ 3.24 and Mutter 3.30. New features and enhancements: Budgie Desktop 10.5 (almost) - we are pleased to promote the latest available capabilities made available by the Solus project; due to overwhelming vote (75%), Firefox now becomes our default browser; we have dropped TLP from the default install as power savings in kernel 4.18 are significant for newer computers...." See the release announcement and release notes for further information
Download: ubuntu-budgie-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso(1,600MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Ubuntu Kylin.

ubuntukylin-18.10The development team behind Ubuntu Kylin has announced the availability of a new version of the project's official Ubuntu flavour designed specifically for users in China. The new version comes with updated MATE 1.20 desktop and it also provides a number of desktop improvements: "We are glad to announce the release of Ubuntu Kylin 18.10 'Cosmic Cuttlefish' which comes with a series of updates in kernel, basic services, desktop environment and software to provide a newer and better desktop experience. Ubuntu Kylin 18.10 ships with a brand-new Login and Lock programs, adding functions, fixing bugs and providing a cozier and easier user experience. Notable features include: new Login and Lock programs supporting biometric identifications technologies; Start Menu - modify the loading mode of Normal Menu and support a third-party category, support special characters, add feedback; Sessions - add a new Setup wizard; Notifications - add U disk management; Panel - redesign task layout when opening too many tabs on the panel...." Read the full release announcement (available in Chinese and English) for more information and screenshots. Download:ubuntukylin-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso (1,787MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Xubuntu.

xubuntu-18.10The Xubuntu development team has announced the release of Xubuntu 18.10, the latest version of the official Ubuntu variant with Xfce as the preferred desktop environment. This is Xubuntu's first release that uses a development build of Xfce 4.13, an upcoming version that will deploy GTK+ 3 as the default toolkit: "The Xubuntu team is happy to announce the immediate release of Xubuntu 18.10. Highlights: several Xfce components and applications were updated to their 4.13 development releases, bringing us closer to a GTK+ 3-only desktop; elementary Xfce icon theme 0.13 with the manila folder icons as seen in the upstream elementary icon theme; Greybird 3.22.9 which improves the look and feel of our window manager, alt-tab dialog, Chromium and even pavucontrol; a new default wallpaper featuring a gentle purple tone that greatly complements our GTK+ and icon themes. Known issues: at times the panel could show two network icons - this appears to be a race condition which we have not been able to rectify in time for release; in the settings manager, the mouse fails to scroll applications in settings manager (GTK+ 3 regression)." Read the release announcement and release notes for further information and screenshots.
Download: xubuntu-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso (1,437MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).


Lubuntu.

lubuntu-18.10_thumb_thumbWe conclude the Ubuntu release day with Lubuntu, a popular Ubuntu variant which, until recently, featured the lightweight LXDE desktop. Starting with version 18.10, the distribution has finally completed its intended switch to LXQt: "Thanks to all the hard work from our contributors, Lubuntu 18.10 has been released. This is the first Lubuntu release with LXQt as the main desktop environment. The Lubuntu project, in 18.10 and successive releases, will no longer support the LXDE desktop environment or tools in the Ubuntu archive and will instead focus on the LXQt desktop environment. You can find the following major applications and toolkits installed by default in this release: LXQt 0.13.0, with many bugfixes and improvements backported from upstream; Qt 5.11.1, which is the first point release in the Qt 5.11 series; Mozilla Firefox 62, which will receive updates from the Ubuntu security team throughout the support cycle of the release; the LibreOffice 6.1.2 suite with the Qt 5 frontend; VLC 3.0.4 for viewing media and listening to music; Featherpad 0.9.0 for notes and code editing....." Read the detailed release announcement which contains a long list of interesting changes.
Download
(SHA256, signature, pkglist): lubuntu-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso(1.616MB, torrent), lubuntu-18.10-desktop-i386.iso (1,632MB, torrent).

Canonical ha publicado la nueva versión de Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver, novedades y descargas.

Hace pocas horas Canonical con la puntualidad que la caracteriza ha publicado la nueva versión de Ubuntu LTS.

Se trata de Bionic Beaver y lleva el número 18.04
  
En un post anterior ya habíanos explicado con mayor detalle los cambios operados en la nueva versión.

El Castor Biónico presenta algunas características importantes, tal vez no visivas pero que contribuyen a mejorar notoriamente sus prestaciones, después de la experiencia -no muy exitosa- de Unity.
Fondo de pantalla por defecto en Ubuntu 18.04 "Bionic Beaver"

Ahora los resumimos:

Nuevas características de Ubuntu 18.04


Escritorio GNOME 3.28

Con la versión 17.10, Canonical ya dio un cambio al escritorio GNOME con algunos ajustes de forma predeterminados. Por ello, para aquellos usuarios que no hayan utilizado esta última versión, los cambios van a ser notables.

Se espera que sea la versión GNOME 3.28 la que se envíe con Ubuntu 18.04.

Kernel 4.15


En cada nueva versión, el equipo de Kernel de Ubuntu tiene la tarea de elegir qué versión utilizar. Esto significa que cada 6 meses tienen que tomar la decisión. Desde el equipo de trabajo indican que esperan que sea la versión 4.15 la que esté en Ubuntu 18.04.


Xorg por defecto.


En abril, el próximo lanzamiento de LTS vendrá con gráficos tradicionales de Xorg, que será el predeterminado. El equipo de desarrollo de Ubuntu ha enumerado diferentes motivos para esta elección, incluido un mejor rendimiento de software como Hangouts, Skype y servicios WebRTC en Xorg.

También se recupera mejor de los problemas de Shell. Para Ubuntu 18.10, el equipo volverá a evaluar Wayland como el valor predeterminado.

Opción de instalación mínima.

Opción de instalación mínima en Ubuntu 18.04 "Bionic Beaver".

En la próxima versión de Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, los usuarios podrán realizar una instalación ligera de Ubuntu. Esta opción eliminará muchos paquetes de software y podremos obtener un sistema con un entorno de escritorio, navegador web, herramientas del sistema central y no mucho más.

Esta opción aparecerá en el instalador de Ubuntu.

Ubuntu 18.04 recopilará algunos datos.


Según un reciente anuncio hecho en la lista de correo de Ubuntu, Canonical comenzará a recopilar algunos datos del usuario relacionados con la configuración del sistema y paquetes instalados en la máquina.

De ello hablamos ampliamente en un artículo anterior. A partir de Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, esta opción de exclusión se proporcionará en el instalador.

Nuevo instalador para Ubuntu Server.


Nuevo instalador en Ubuntu Server.

Con Ubuntu 18.04, Canonical finalmente actualizará el instalador de línea de comando del Servidor Ubuntu. El nuevo instalador llamado Subiquity será el predeterminado en la próxima versión de LTS.





Este cambio le dará un nuevo aspecto al proceso de instalación del servidor, que hasta ahora había sido el instalador basado en texto de Debian.

Tiempo de arranque más rápido.

Canonical también está trabajando para acelerar el tiempo de arranque de Ubuntu mediante el uso de las características de systemd. Este es un cambio interesante.

Derivadas oficiales.



Adam Conrad has announced the availability of Ubuntu 18.04 "Bionic Beaver". The new version is a long term support (LTS) release featuring the GNOME Shell desktop and version 4.15 of the Linux kernel. "The Ubuntu team is very pleased to announce our seventh long-term support release, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for Desktop, Server, Cloud, and Core. Codenamed "Bionic Beaver", 18.04 LTS continues Ubuntu's proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 4.15 based Linux kernel, with additional support for Linux security module stacking, signing of POWER host and NV kernels, and improved support for IBM and Intel hardware enablement from Linux 4.16. Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 LTS brings a fresh look with the GNOME desktop environment. GNOME Shell on Ubuntu is designed to be easy to use for people upgrading from 16.04 LTS and presents a familiar user interface. New features for users upgrading from 16.04 LTS include assistance with logging in to public Wifi hotspots and the Night Light feature to reduce eye strain in the evenings." Further details can be found in the release announcement and in the release notes. Download (pkglist): ubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,832MB, SHA256, signature, torrent), ubuntu-18.04-live-server-amd64.iso (806MB, SHA256, signature, torrent).

Canonical ha publicado la nueva versión de Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver, novedades y descargas.Haz Clic para Twittear


The Ubuntu Studio team has published version 18.04 of their distribution. While Ubuntu Studio shares packages with Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, this release is not a long term support (LTS) version and offers support for nine months. The distribution's release announcement states: "We are happy to announce the release of our latest version, Ubuntu Studio 18.04 Bionic Beaver! Unlike the other Ubuntu flavors, this release of Ubuntu Studio is not a Long-Term Support (LTS) release. As a regular release, it will be supported for 9 months. Although it is not a Long-Term Support release, it is still based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS which means the components will be supported as usual for a LTS release. Since it's just out, you may experience some issues, so you might want to wait a bit before upgrading. Please see the release notes for a complete list of changes and known issues." Further details can be found in the project's release notes. Download: ubuntustudio-18.04-dvd-amd64.iso(2,890MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).



Version 18.04 of Xubuntu, an Ubuntu variant that ships with the popular Xfce desktop, is now ready for download: "The Xubuntu team is happy to announce the immediate release of Xubuntu 18.04. Xubuntu 18.04 is a long-term support (LTS) release and will be supported for 3 years, until April 2021. Highlights: some GNOME applications are replaced with corresponding MATE applications for improved consistency with almost identical set of features; the Sound Indicator plugin is replaced with the Xfce PulseAudio plugin in the panel, improving the control of volume and multimedia applications from the panel; the new xfce4-notifyd panel plugin is included, allowing users to easily toggle 'do not disturb' mode for notifications as well as view missed notifications; significantly improved menu editing with a new MenuLibre version; better support for HiDPI screens, better consistency and other improvements from the Greybird GTK+ theme." Read the release announcement and release notes for a detailed list of changes and known issues. Download: xubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,361MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).





Kubuntu 18.04, an official Ubuntu flavour that features the powerful and customisable KDE Plasma 5 desktop, has been released. The new version introduces a number of notable changes, such as an updated theme, new video and music players, and extensive software upgrades throughout the system: "The Kubuntu Team is happy to announce that Kubuntu 18.04 LTS has been released, featuring the beautiful KDE Plasma 5.12 LTS - simple by default, powerful when needed. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. Under the hood, there have been updates to many core packages, including a new 4.15-based kernel, KDE Frameworks 5.44, Plasma 5.12 LTS and KDE Applications 17.12.3. We've made some notable changes since 16.04 LTS. VLC is the default media player and Cantata Qt5 the default music player. Muon is now shipped by default for those who prefer a package manager as an alternative to the Plasma Discover software store. See the release announcement and release notes for additional details. Download: kubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,781MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).




David Mohammed has announced the release of Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, a desktop Linux distribution featuring the refreshingly simple Budgie desktop that aims to provide a "familiar, modern and functional experience": "We are pleased to announce the release of a new version of our distribution, the third as an official flavor of the Ubuntu family and our very first LTS. The LTS version is supported for 3 years while the regular releases are supported for 9 months. Based on 17.10 experiences, feedback and suggestions we have received from our users, the new release comes with a lot of new features, fixes and optimizations. Here is what you can expect with the new release: more customisation options via Budgie Welcome; lots more Budgie applets available to be installed; dynamic workspaces, hot-corners and Window shuffler; brand-new GTK+ theme called Pocillo; new applets as standard in the panel or available to be added via Budgie Settings." Here is the short release announcement with links to much more detailed release notes and screenshots. Download: ubuntu-budgie-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,524MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

Leer también: Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver abandona la convergencia de Unity para volver a GNOME.

Martin Wimpress has announced the release of Ubuntu MATE 18.04, the latest version of the popular Ubuntu variant featuring the MATE desktop environment. This new version comes with the new MATE 1.20.1: "The MATE Desktop has transitioned from the GTK+ 2.24-based MATE 1.12 to the very latest MATE 1.20.1 based on GTK+ 3.22. This migration has been several years in the making, and most of 2016 and 2017 was spent refining the GTK+ 3 implementation. The move to GTK+ 3 has made it possible to introduce many of the new features you'll read about below. Support for libinput has been added and is now the default input handler for mouse and touchpad, which has resulted in much improved responsiveness and support for multi-finger touch gestures. Thanks to our friends at Hypra.fr, accessibility support (particularly for visually impaired users) has seen continued development and improvement. MATE Desktop is proud to provide visually impaired users the most accessible open-source desktop environment. MATE Desktop 1.20 supports HiDPI displays and if you have one then Ubuntu MATE will automatically enable pixel scaling, presenting you with a super crisp desktop and applications." See the detailed release announcement for further information and screenshots. Download: ubuntu-mate-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso(1,909MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Ubuntu Kylin is a community edition of Ubuntu developed for Chinese users. The project has released a new version, Ubuntu Kylin 18.04, which ships with the Kylin Video media player, Kylin Assistant to help configure the operating system and Burner, a customized version of the Brasero disc burning software. "Ubuntu Kylin Software Store includes Ubuntu Kylin Software Centre, Ubuntu Kylin Developer Platform and Ubuntu Kylin Repository. Its interface is simple but with powerful functions and it supports both Ubuntu and Ubuntu Kylin repositories. It is especially convenient for quick installation of Chinese characteristic software developed by Ubuntu Kylin team. Kylin Assistant, a system management and configuration tool we developed for Linux users, could show system information, clean up system garbage and beautify system. It makes your desktop more smooth, more user-friendly, and enriched with personality. In this release, we optimize the framework to reduce the resource usage, add file shredder, UD SSO, Spanish supporting and configuration for Cinnamon, and improve the task manager." The release announcement (Chinese, English) offers more information. Download: ubuntukylin-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1,638MB, SHA256, signature, torrent, pkglist).

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Simon Quigley has announced the release of Lubuntu 18.04, a desktop distribution featuring the Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE). The release of the "Lubuntu Next" variant, with the Qt-based LXQt desktop instead of LXDE, was once again postponed. "Thanks to all the hard work from our contributors, Lubuntu 18.04 LTS has been released. With the code name of 'Bionic Beaver', Lubuntu 18.04 LTS is the 14th release of Lubuntu, with support until April 2021. New features: Ubuntu 18.04 ships with a version 4.15-based Linux kernel, enabling the latest hardware and peripherals available from IBM, Intel and others; OpenJDK 10 is the default JRE/JDK, once OpenJDK 11 reaches general availability in September 2018, it will become the default in 18.04; GCC is now set to default to compile applications as position independent executables (PIE) as well as with immediate binding, to make more effective use of Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR)." Read the release announcement and release notes for more details. Download (SHA256, signature, pkglist): lubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso (1.031MB, torrent), lubuntu-18.04-desktop-i386.iso (1,032MB, torrent).





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